Upon completion of the course, students will be able to:
1. Evaluate the history of environmental control life support systems (ECLSS) for the Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, Skylab, Space Shuttle, Spacelab, and Space Station missions and the Russian programs.
2. Examine the adaptation to microgravity of the cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary system, renal, endocrine, immune, musculoskeletal, and neurovestibular systems.
3. Analyze the Control Ecological Life Support Systems (CELSS) in space operations and research concepts associated with the development and operation of regenerative life support systems, including the growth of space plants, food, waste processing, and contamination in microgravity.
4. Differentiate space radiation hazards, habitat shielding designs for low-Earth and high- Earth orbits, and exposure concerns for deep-space manned operations.
5. Appraise the lessons learned from the "sick building syndrome" in order to evaluate partially-closed and closed loop life support systems.
6. Determine the degree of closure in air, water, and food systems with regard to space life support systems.
7. Debate the physical and chemical closed-loop life support research.
8. Examine the environmental control and life support subsystems used in the Apollo, Skylab, Salyut, and Mir spacecraft and compare to those used in Space Station.
9. Analyze ECLSS subsystems and their functional operations for use in a specified manned, extended-duration spacecraft.