Upon completion of the course, students will be able to do the following:
1. Differentiate between the four major historical models of Western science and their cultural (i.e.., religious, political, philosophical, economic, etc.) parallels.
2. Compare and contrast the various scientific ideas (e.g.., geocentric vs. heliocentric cosmologies, creationist vs. evolutionary biology, wave-particle duality, etc.) in the context of contemporary technological and social settings.
3. Defend the scientific method and the limitations and abuse of science.
4. Relate the origin, transmission, and evolution of scientific ideas from the earliest times through the modern period.
5. Judge the impact of science on religion and philosophy on economic, political and social theory, as well of the role of these institutions in shaping the scientific attitudes of the day.
6. Evaluate parallel and divergent features of scientific models through history.
7. Categorize scientific contributions made by the ancient Egyptians and Babylonians.
8. Be familiar with the meaning of the formulas used in Copernican astronomy, Galilean mechanics, and Newton’s laws of motion and be able to work elementary problems.
9. Understand and describe in simple terms the most important aspects of quantum physics and molecular biology.