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Security and Intelligence Studies (SIS)

Courses

SIS 500  Summer Colloquium: US Security and Intelligence Communities  1 Credit (1,0)

This intensive one-week course is offered in early August, prior to the start of the Fall semester, and attendance in the course, given only on the Prescott campus, is required for all students starting the MS SIS program. The course is designed to review the most important highlights of the undergraduate Global Security and Intelligence Program (GSIS). These include the institutional structure, statutory authority, and major functions of the US Intelligence Community. The course covers an intensive discussion of the security fundamentals designed to protect the national security and analyzes how these interact with the requirements of intelligence collection and analysis. It evaluates the lessons of 9/11 and the steps taken by the United States to protect its land and people. The course also analyzes the threat picture emerging in the early twenty-first century including asymmetrical warfare, transnational terrorism, and cyber warfare. Using open source information (OSINT), the student will analyze and present a written intelligence brief.

SIS 502  Fundamentals of Security and Intelligence  3 Credits

This course is designed for incoming stednets in the Master of Science in Security and Intelligence Studies Program whose undergraduate major has not been Global Security and Intelligence Studies at Embry-Riddle, or a similar major at another college or university. In this case, the student will be instructed intensively in the structure if the intelligence community, the constituents and the processes of the intelligence cycle, statutory and oversight issues, key competencies, counter-intelligence and covert operations. In addition, the course will cover the fundamentals of security concepts, threat assessment, personnel security, physical and information security, and emergency management planning and operations for both government and corporate sectors.

SIS 505  Homeland Security and Intelligence Integration  3 Credits (3,0)

This course will examine the whole range of issues relevant to homeland security and national defense including transportation security, immigration and border security, and emergency management. The need for an integrated approach between government intelligence and security organizations at all levels will be emphasized throughout the course. The concept of risk-based security using intelligence against domestic and international terrorist threats to allocate resources is a key element of this course. Students will also explore the national strategy developed to deal with on-going threats and their impact on civil rights and governmental functions at all levels. Students will write policy papers, prepare response plans, and conduct mock response exercises integrating intelligence analysis and security response.

SIS 510  Strategic Intelligence: Diplomacy, Covert Operations, and War  3 Credits (3,0)

As the foundation course for the MS SIS, this course focuses on the role of secret intelligence in a democracy, national security operations, and foreign policy of the United States. A key issue is to define and expand on the concept of "strategic intelligence" and its uses by US policy makers in peace and war. The course will review the different ways in which US leaders have used intelligence and the national security organization for intelligence. Sources and methods and case studies of intelligence failures and successes; the role of Congress; the impact of 9/11 and the lead up to the Iraq War on US intelligence reform and reorganization; and the role of intelligence in the first quarter of the twenty-first century. This course will examine aspects of the post-World War II American intelligence community and its use of strategic information. As compared to a traditional lecture class, graduate students will be required to read, participate in discussions, and write a paper on a historical aspect of America's use of strategic intelligence.

SIS 511  Strategic Analysis  3 Credits (3,0)

This course will introduce the student to major schools of strategic thought. These can include the works of strategic thinkers such as Colin Gray, Kenneth Waltz, henry Kissinger, martin van Creveld, John Keegan, Francis Fukyuama. the emphasis on different writers will be up to the course instructor. The emphasis can be military-political, changing face of war, geo-political studies, or even question of state formation and the evolution-of devolution-of the state. system.

SIS 512  Comparative Global Intelligence  3 Credits (3,0)

The course is designed to: 1) demonstrate how intelligence/counterintelligence operates in authoritarian or totalitarian systems; 2) examine the operational traditions of intelligence/counterintelligence in selected non-authoritarian cultures, as contrasted with the U.S. experience. Finally, the course aims to analyze the integrated and enduring nature of intelligence and counterintelligence in political cultures far older than that of the U.S.

SIS 515  Legal and Ethical Issues in National Security and Intelligence  3 Credits (3,0)

This course is designed to provide students with a solid knowledge of the ethical considerations involved in the collection, analysis, and dissemination of intelligence. The scope of study includes discussion and use of reasoning skills in understanding the dynamics of the development of the contemporary US intelligence community in a democratic society and applying them in multiple contexts. Students will also discuss that the intelligence profession covers many aspects of responsibility, will be exposed to moral and legal obligations of intelligence work in the context of the concept of oversight, and will focus on the US intelligence worker as a public servant, exploring the role of professional ethics in the conduct of intelligence-related activities.

SIS 520  Winter Colloquium: Current Issues in the National Security of the US  1 Credit (1,0)

This intensive one-week course will be offered only on the Prescott campus and is required for all MS SIS students. The course will focus on a contemporary issue of critical interest to the United States. Students will attend lectures, perform research, write, and brief on the issue, and role-play in a simulation that emphasizes the role of security and intelligence practitioners in crises. Examples of topics that might be selected include "The Arab Spring and the Future of the Middle East" or "The Challenge of Cyber Warfare: Future Scenarios".

SIS 525  Protection of Critical Infrastructure and Technology Systems  3 Credits (3,0)

This course explores the nature of the nation's critical infrastructure and its dependence on cyber systems while addressing the severe economic, social and defense failures that would occur if successfully attacked. The issues of private ownership and widespread sector interdependency will be researched, evaluated, and potential policy solutions will be identified. Students will research the various sectors of US infrastructure, determine vulnerabilities using established risk based analysis techniques, and recommend additional security measures as relevant. Students will participate in tabletop simulations of various types of terrorist attacks against critical infrastructure sectors and components. Students will write both attack and defense plans employed in the mock exercises using unclassified information sources, following national government strategies and response plans.

SIS 530  Intelligence and the Spectrum of Social Conflict  3 Credits (3,0)

Political systems give off signals as they approach major structural change. The MS SIS student will examine cultural, social, and economic trends that shape political change, whether revolutionary or evolutionary. Societies under rapid development or stress from globalization often seek legitimacy in deeper religious, cultural, and social identities. Even in normal times, behind "modern" associational and political loyalties are much deeper parochial ties of tribe, clan, caste, and religion. Understanding these fundamental social networks adds to the knowledge necessary for predictive intelligence analysis and even modeling. New tools such as social media operate in distinctive cultural and political environments and need to be examined within this contemporary context and could include topics such as the "Arab Spring".

SIS 535  Advanced Analytical and Research Methodologies  3 Credits (3,0)

This course provides advanced instruction in critical thinking and analysis skills through study and application of various structured analytical techniques. Students develop competencies in understanding, applying, and effectively using data collected for intelligence analysis adding an essential component of becoming an effective intelligence analyst. Research into political, economic, and social conditions will allow identification of potential vulnerabilities and threats through assessing capabilities, strengths, challenges, and weaknesses. Students will learn basic research methods to address security and intelligence problems and issues through qualitative case studies. Part of the course will discuss research planning and methodologies; secondary source data collection; and qualitative data analysis methods.

SIS 540  Intelligence, Globalization, and the World Political Economy  3 Credits (0,0)

Some of the most contentious global political issues revolve around the production and distribution of goods and services worldwide. Utilizing concepts related to trade and monetary theory (exchange rates, interest rates, access to capital and foreign direct investment, access to energy supplies, trade imbalances, and trade tariffs and subsidies), this course will explore the ways in which economic policies and processes are reflected by and closely negotiated within domestic and multilateral political institutions. Moreover, the course will analyze political-economic tensions arising from these struggles, including political changes and revolutionary pressures of great importance to the intelligence professional.

SIS 550  International Security Operations and Management  3 Credits (3,0)

Students will learn security concepts and methods employed in protecting the personnel, assets, and information of domestic and international corporations including review of the different types of corporate security organizations and the role of the corporate security manager within the organizational hierarchy. Students will perform threat assessments and determine the security necessary to mitigate the threats identified, including developing and defending a budget for implementation. Students will develop and write corporate policy and procedures dealing with protective measures against terrorism, natural and manmade disasters, and workplace violence. During the course, students will develop a security organization and budget for a fictitious international corporation including designing and budgeting for new facilities at locations outside the United States.

SIS 560  Intelligence in Military Operations: Conventional and Asymmetrical  3 Credits ( ,0)

The MS SIS student must master a working knowledge of how intelligence is used in a variety of specialized areas, including the very important one of military affairs. This course will cover the uses of military intelligence in assessing the larger geopolitical and geostrategic picture confronting the United States. These may include study of the capabilities and intentions of potential military opponents, the issues surrounding the strategic bombing survey after World War II and the Bomb Damage Assessment controversies of the First Gulf War, the interface between military and civilian intelligence interests and the institutions each represents, the emergence of the regional combatant commands and their roles in the intelligence process, the internal debates about the future roles and organization of military forces, the uses of new platforms like the Predator and its cousins, and the implications of cutting edge military intelligence capabilities to deliver "real time tactical intelligence" to combat forces on the ground.

SIS 565  Strategic Counterintelligence: Deception, Espionage, and Active Measures  3 Credits (3,0)

Within the context of the foreign intelligence threat including espionage, influence operations, economic espionage, and cyber intrusions, students will investigate offensive and defensive CI, the relationship of CI to covert actions, and the role of ethics as applied to CI operations. Counterintelligence successes and failures presented through case studies allow students to apply CI tradecraft methodologies as used and practiced against foreign adversaries. The nexus of intelligence and security capabilities, as well as intelligence community and law enforcement, with limitations, opportunities, and challenges are also studied. Denial and deception includes an overview and students will analyze the impact of denial and deception on US strategic warning and national security objectives.

SIS 575  Counter-terrorism  3 Credits

This course introduces graduate students to concepts and practices related to preventing and/or responding to threats from terrorist organizations and networks. Students will learn about the potential causes of terrorism, methods to analyze and understand terrorist behavior, strategies and approaches that assist in counter-terrorism, and concepts for how intelligence, law enforcement, the media, and the military operate and integrate under the rubric if counter-terrorism. Students will have the opportunity to practice communicative skills in a variety of media. Students will also be exposed to the concept if "red teaming" and produce critiques of contemporary counter-terrorism strategy and policy.

SIS 585  Special Investigations and Advanced Forensic Techniques  3 Credits (0,0)

This course explores the investigation of international crimes and the application of advanced forensic techniques in their resolution. The student will read case studies and research war crimes, human trafficking, international money laundering, trafficking in human organs, and other global transnational crimes requiring special investigative understanding and expertize. Using this information and information gained in the various readings, the student will identify and evaluate the various investigative approaches that were taken and their effectiveness.

SIS 599  Special Topics in Security and Intelligence  1-6 Credit

This is an elective course that enables the graduate student to benefit from the specific expertise of MS SIS and other faculty on the campus and, as appropriate, from other external specialists. The special expertise could be in a technical field, some aspect of security and intelligence theory or practice, military studies, or regional studies. The course necessarily will require extensive reading in the prescribed area, research, writing, and seminar presentation assignments as required by the Instructor. A key feature of the course must be to ensure that the student's encounter with more specialized knowledge enables him or her to relate that knowledge to other fields in a cross-disciplinary manner.

SIS 600  Science, Space, Technology, and Intelligence  3 Credits (3,0)

There are many intelligence collection techniques - HUMINT, OSINT, IMINT, ELINT, MASINT, GEOINT - each with a specific mission and "lanes in the road" responsibility. Some collection techniques, such as SIGINT, MASINT, and GEOINT, focus heavily on using methods developed within the science and technology realm to collect and process information. Students will research and analyze open source data regarding the use of sensors in missile and space intelligence including the threat and vulnerabilities associated with such systems. This course focuses on collaboration and understanding of emerging and disruptive technology advances and the identification of effective threat indicators and countermeasures. Through analysis of national security problems, students will identify challenges and opportunities for science and technology to enhance all-source analysis.

SIS 625  Global Transportation and Supply Chain Security  3 Credits (3,0)

During this course students will learn the operations of international airlines and marine companies in transporting people and material across national borders, the international agreements governing such activities, and the unique security threats encountered. Students will research the wide variety of security threats to transportation systems including criminal activities, government corruption, terrorism and political instability. Students will practice risk management and threat analysis techniques as they apply to global shipping and transportation. They will develop threat mitigation plans using security "best practices" and international standards in the context of transportation system speed and accountability requirements.

SIS 635  Intelligence, Technology and Future Space Conflict  3 Credits (0,0)

Students will investigate the concepts, principles, and applications of scientific and technical methods and the ability to assess threats to national security through use of science and technology. This course focuses on collaboration and understanding of emerging and disruptive technology advances and the identification of effective threat indicators and countermeasures. Through analysis of national security problems, students will identify challenges and opportunities for science and technology to enhance all-source analysis. Additionally, this course will focus on the parameters of conflict in space, missile defense systems and concepts, the use of anti-satellite weapons (ASAT), Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and, speculatively, the conduct of future space war. Within this context, the course will examine the technical weapons developments, capabilities, doctrines, and policies of key "space powers," including the US, Russia, EU, China, India, along with prospective future ICBM/Nuclear capable powers such as Iran, Pakistan and North Korea. Students will build scenarios of future space warfare, including offensive and defensive team play.

SIS 650  Area Studies  3 Credits (0,0)

Students will read intensively in the history, politics, and culture, of a particular geographical region, working with a professor who is an expert in the region. The emphasis will be on the knowledge areas that security/intelligence analysts need to better understand the underlying forces at work in the region and interpret the significance of breaking developments to policy makers. Students who combine this course with SIS 699, Special Topics, will gain a degree of multidisciplinary expertise on regional cultures, economics, demographics, domestic politics, strategic perspectives and military developments, and foreign policies.

SIS 655  The Security Implications of Climate Change  3 Credits (3,0)

This course studies the security implications of climate change for complex human societies. The impact of new weather patterns on societies in regions such as the Sahel, or the alteration of monsoonal winds, or the rise in heat indexes in food production zones, or the melting of glaciers are all developments that already are having impact on food production, fisheries, and regional ecologies. In some cases, these climatic events set off migrations that create tensions, even violence, when migratory groups affect host communities. The course is based on the latest research, data, and judgments accepted by the scientific community. In addition to the traditional research methodologies, such as research methods in the literature of climate change, the course also will use the tools of remote sensing, including weather data, data on longer-term trends, and other space-based remote sensing databases. A key part of the course will include planning how to respond to the impact of climate change, including the possibility of catastrophic developments.

SIS 657  Cyber Warfare: Threats and Counter-Operations  3 Credits (3,0)

This course provides analysis of cyber issues posing national security threats through addressing cyber defense, cyber exploitation and cyber-attack. Students will adhere to a common cyber lexicon as they develop an awareness to identify and discuss methodologies to measure the threat against US interests in the information and cyber domain. As a multi-faceted threat without clearly delineated boundaries, cyber strategies to defend and protect national security, corporate, and proprietary systems will be investigated along with the use of cyber space by terrorist organizations.

SIS 660  UAS/UAV Operations and Policies in Contemporary Conflicts  3 Credits (0,0)

This course examines the use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in twenty-first century conflicts. The student will study how UAVs are deployed for covert operations, including intelligence gathering and target termination, military missions, and are also making an impact in domestic security. Whether in a supportive role or as the main instrument of the action, UAVs can provide a low-cost, low-casualty alternative to direct line combat and can be either remotely controlled (flown by a pilot at a ground control station) or can fly autonomously based on pre-programmed flight plans. The unmanned aircraft system supporting the UAVs includes ground stations and other elements besides the actual air vehicles and students will explore the challenges associated with these support systems. Currently any states are developing, and some are selling, UAVs of all types, sizes, ranges, missions, deployment, tactical uses and armament. Moreover, as UAVs are used in conflicts, questions of international law and the laws of war are being raised in global arenas, including the United Nations.

SIS 670  Mastering and Managing Security Operations  3 Credits (3,0)

The student will read several case studies in global security involving facility protection, personnel protection and information protection. The student will need to examine each of these case studies to determine the security successes or failures, analyze the reason for the successes or failures, and provide a written assessment. Students will also evaluate the appropriateness of the risk assessment model employed in each case study and evaluate its effectiveness in allocating security resources. Student teams will participate in a fictitious scenario designed to test their ability to conduct an effective risk assessment and apply the necessary security measures to mitigate the threats identified by the risk assessment in a cost effective manner.

SIS 680  Mastering and Managing Intelligence Operations  3 Credits (3,0)

Using publicly available sources, this course will intensively examine case studies of intelligence operations engaged in by the United States and other countries. The class will begin with a major recent case study, such as the overthrow of the Taliban Regime in Afghanistan and the subsequent efforts to contain the revived Taliban insurgency. The case study will examine analysis and conceptual design of the operation, the strategic basis of the policy, as well as the operational tactical experience and outcome. The student will then select a case study to develop in the same manner, provide a written analysis and an oral briefing to the class. The class will critically examine the student paper and oral briefing and the class will conclude with a simulation exercise.

SIS 685  Spring Colloquium: Thesis and Project Research and Preparation  1 Credit (1,0)

This intensive one-week course is offered spring semester, and attendance in the course, given only on the Prescott campus, is required for all students starting the MS SIS program. The course is designed to review and practice the research techniques and methodologies, identify and discuss possible research areas in security, intelligence, and criminal justice to explore in the student's thesis or project. The students will engage in critical discussions and critique of proposed thesis and project subjects with faculty and peers. Students will review and explore various writing styles and formats. Students will apply and practice various statistical analyses, use geographical information systems (GIS) and project management techniques.

SIS 690  Experimental Research Project  1-6 Credit

The student may elect to either complete an academi thesis or an experimental research project. For the latter, the student will identify a specific problem or issue in the field of intelligence and security that relates to or requires an understanding of science and technology. The project format and process will follow the normal model for scientific research. The student will be expected to identify and articulate a key research topic, identify the goals and objectives of the project, review the current literature, design a research plan, provide a timeline, and, where necessary, produce a budget. In completing the experimental project, the student will produce an element of original research and new knowledge. The student will work with a thesis director and two other members of his or her committee. The latter can be either on-campus faculty or outside experts.

SIS 696  Graduate Internship in Security and Intelligence Studies  1-3 Credit (3,0)

This course enables the graduate student to engage in temporary professional work as an intern. An internship provides the graduate student with an opportunity to extend their academic endeavors through the application of the theories, philosophies, and skills studied in the classroom to specific professional activities common to the workplace. These are academic/professional activities coordinated by the University between offering organizations and the graduate student.

SIS 698  Graduate Reading and Review  6 Credits

The Graduate Reading and Review Course is designed to enable the student to intensively prepare for the Comprehensive Examination through a period of reading and review that should last for most of a semester, followed by the Comprehensive Examination. This Examination is one of three options the MS SIS student can take to finalize his/her degree program, the others being a MS Thesis or an Experimental Research Project. The Comprehensive Examination is designed to intensively test the student's acquisition of the knowledge and skills provided by the MS SIS curriculum. The Examination will be tailored for each student. The Instructor for each of the courses taken by the student will contribute questions to the student's Comprehensive Examination.

SIS 699  Special Topics in Security and Intelligence  1-6 Credit

This is an elective course that enables the graduate student to benefit from the specific expertise of MS SIS and other faculty on the campus and, as appropriate, from other external specialists. The special expertise could be in a technical field, some aspect of security and intelligence theory or practice, military studies, or regional studies. The course necessarily will require extensive reading in the prescribed area, research, writing, and seminar presentation assignments as required by the Instructor. A key feature of the course must be to ensure that the student's encounter with more specialized knowledge enables him or her to relate that knowledge to other fields in a cross-disciplinary manner.

SIS 700  Graduate Thesis  1-6 Credit

The student who elects to complete the requirements of the MS in Security and Intelligence Program by taking the Thesis will follow the traditional Master's Thesis process. This will include the proposal, formation of the committee, literature review, research design, field or library research, collation of data, thesis writing, and defense. In this course, students are expected to demonstrate advanced analytic, research, writing and oral presentation skills. The student will isolate a critical issue in security or intelligence or related area of research. The research effort must not only add to the body of existing knowledge, but can demonstrate a unique or different approach to explaining or resolving the problem, thus extending the body of knowledge in that specific area of expertise. The student will be required to present and defend his or her thesis in a public presentation open to faculty, students and the interested public.