Business Administration (BA)


BA 102  Introduction to Aviation, Aerospace and Global Business  3 Credits (3,0)

This course introduces students to the global business community, while also providing an overview of relevant business principles and practices, including those necessary for success in the aviation and aerospace industry. Students will be exposed to the unique challenges and career opportunities within the global business community. Via readings, case studies and guest lectures, students will also learn the lexicon of an aviation business professional, with an introduction to international regulatory agencies, airports, airlines and air cargo, and aerospace manufacturers.

BA 121  Software Based Bookkeeping  1 Credit (1,0)

This course will introduce students to software based bookkeeping. Throughout the course students will learn how to create a new company in the software based program, enter sales information and create invoices, track inventory, work with bank accounts, receive payments and make deposits, enter and pay bills, work with payroll, and analyze financial data with reports.

BA 189  Introduction to Business  3 Credits (3,0)

This introductory business course covers basic topics including accounting, economics, finance, international business, management, marketing, organizational behavior, planning, and strategic management. Additional topics include business law, values and ethics, diversity, integrity, social responsibility, globalization, and benefits of interdisciplinary collaboration. Students are coached to build their skills in teaming, networking, career preparation, and the benefit of life-long learning.

BA 201  Principles of Management  3 Credits (3,0)

Provides an overview of relevant management principles and practices as applied in contemporary formal and informal organizations. Focuses on management theories, philosophies, and functions.

BA 210  Financial Accounting  3 Credits (3,0)

An introduction to accounting information systems and financial reports, including accounting concepts and analysis and interpretation of financial reports with an emphasis on the operating activities of aviation-related businesses.

BA 215  Transportation Principles  3 Credits (3,0)

This course will introduce the basic principles of several modes of transportation, including air, sea, rail, automobile, transit, and pipeline. The operating characteristics of each mode is discussed, as are issues associated with intermodal competition, compatibility, and interconnectivity, the importance of each in the economy, environmental issues, and future developmental prospects.

BA 221  Advanced Computer Based Systems  3 Credits (3,0)

This course is a continuation of BA 120. It covers advanced concepts of spreadsheet use, database management systems, presentation graphics and Internet usage that will assist in problem analysis, worksheet management and exchanging spreadsheet data with other programs. It introduces the student to project planning, project scheduling and project tracking using computer software. In addition, the course provides experience in the basics of retrieving graphical and text-based information and also explores webpage design and development to support management activities.

BA 222  Business Computer Applications  3 Credits (3,0)

This course covers advanced spreadsheet analysis techniques including: complex data sets, troubleshooting errors, worksheet collaboration, and information sharing between software products. Students are also introduced to project management including project planning, scheduling, cost tracking, and task tracking using computer software. This course provides experience in the basics of content management, document management, and collaboration through customized web portals.

BA 299  Special Topics in Management  1-6 Credit

Individual independent or directed studies of selected topics in management.

BA 307  Governmental & Not-for-Profit Accounting  3 Credits (3,0)

This course will examine the procedures of accounting, financial reporting and budgeting for governmental and nonprofit entities. The course will cover the theories behind standards set by the Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB) and its integrated accounting and financial reporting model. It will explain governmental funds, proprietary funds and fiduciary funds.
Prerequisites: BA 210.

BA 308  Public Administration  3 Credits (3,0)

Characteristics of organization and management in government; impact of political processes and public pressures on administration action; role of regulatory agencies; governmental personnel and budgetary procedures; unique qualifications of the public administrator.
Prerequisites: BA 201.

BA 309  Government Acquisitions and Contracting  3 Credits (3,0)

This course will provide an analysis of Government contracting regulations and contract administration/management procedures, with particular emphasis on the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) and the Department of Defense Regulation Supplement (DFARS), and the practical application of the FAR and DFARS in Government and Industry contract administration/management roles.

BA 311  Marketing  3 Credits (3,0)

Marketing theory; marketing management, sales management; market research. Public and customer relations, advertising, distribution.

BA 312  Managerial Accounting  3 Credits (3,0)

Emphasizes management's use of cost information in internal decision-making. Decision-making processes include cost analysis, control, allocation, and planning. A variety of accounting techniques applicable to aviation/aerospace companies are presented.
Prerequisites: BA 210.

BA 313  Regional Studies in Accounting and Auditing  3 Credits (3,0)

The course is an in-depth study of international accounting and auditing focusing on the various reporting and auditing standards of the region. Objectives of this course are to provide the students with a specialized focus within the chosen region, on the application of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and the International Auditing Standards (IAS), issues faced by multinational companies and international corporate governance.

BA 314  Human Resource Management  3 Credits (3,0)

This course will examine the functions to be accomplished in effectively managing human resources. An in-depth study of the interrelationship of managers, organizational staff, and/or specialists will assist the student in understanding and applying management theories to real-world human resource planning. Areas of concentration include human resource planning; recruitment and selection; training and development; compensation and benefits; safety and health; and employee and labor relations.

BA 319  Managerial and Organizational Behavior  3 Credits (3,0)

This course will examine the functions to be accomplished in effectively exploring managerial and organizational behavior. A study of the interrelationship of staff managers, specialists, and line managers will assist the student in understanding and applying management theories to real-world human resource planning and execution. Areas of concentration include human resource planning; recruitment and selection, training and development; compensation; safety and health; labor relations; and understanding individual, group, team, and social processes. Special attention is devoted to how technology has shaped the modern work environment.
Prerequisites: BA 201.

BA 320  Business Information Systems  3 Credits (3,0)

A management approach to understanding business information systems. The general characteristics, potential, and limitations of business systems are covered. The major emphasis is on understanding the inputs, processing, and outputs of a variety of business systems; the ways in which business systems are interrelated and the inherent management problems involved in the implementation and control of such systems.
Prerequisites: BA 221 or BA 222.

BA 322  Aviation Insurance  3 Credits (3,0)

An introduction to the basic principles of insurance and risk with its special application to the aviation industry. An in-depth review of the aviation insurance industry in the United States including the market and types of aviation insurers. Pre-Requisite: Sophomore Standing.

BA 324  Aviation Labor Relations  3 Credits (3,0)

An investigation of labor-management relations with specific reference to the aviation industry. Examined are the history of unionism, structure of unions, legal environment and the Railway Labor Act, collective bargaining, public sector relationships, grievance procedures, conflict resolution, and contemporary trends affecting union membership.

BA 325  Social Responsibility and Ethics in Management  3 Credits (3,0)

A comprehensive inquiry into the major components of social responsibility including economic, legal, political, ethical, and societal issues involving the interaction of business, government, and society.
Prerequisites: BA 201.

BA 327  Airline-Airport Operations  3 Credits (3,0)

Airline-Airport Operations is a comprehensive overview of the symbiotic and dynamic relationship between airline and airport operations. This course focuses on the day-to-day issues that airline and airport management must address in order to effectively operate. The student will develop an understanding of current issues impacting the relationship between airlines and airports. A historical overview, current airport and airline operational characteristics, regulatory perspectives, current political and financial environment, air service development, and future issues are studied.
Prerequisites: BA 201.

BA 328  Professional Consulting  3 Credits (3,0)

This course presents a practical introduction to consulting, where consultants must rely on influence, professional experience and knowledge sharing - rather than managerial control - to impact an organization. Emphasis is given to problem recognition, definition, and solution. Various types of non-mathematical problem solving strategies are explored such as consulting, strategic planning and management, organizational change, conflict resolution, and facilitation. Concepts presented are applicable to all fields, such as aviation, engineering, computer science and environmental studies.
Prerequisites: BA 201.

BA 329  Forensic Accounting and Fraud Examination  3 Credits (3,0)

This course will review the role of the fraud examiner/forensic accountant in investigations and audits. Topics covered will include: Criminology, ethics, detection and investigative tools, fraud schemes, and financial litigation and remediating. Students will emerge from the course with an understanding of the role of a forensic accountant and familiarity with their tools and practices.

BA 332  Corporate Finance I  3 Credits (3,0)

The finance function as used by management, including financial analysis and control financial planning; and short, intermediate, and long-term financing, using the theory of cost of capital and leverage in planning financial strategies. Aviation-related businesses are emphasized.
Prerequisites: BA 210 and Junior standing.

BA 333  Personal Financial Planning  3 Credits (3,0)

A study of the personal financial planning process. Includes taxes, investments, purchase of housing/auto, insurance needs and analysis, use of credit, and retirement and estate planning. Student will develop a personal financial plan and will invest in a $500,000 portfolio of securities.

BA 334  Investment Analysis  3 Credits (3,0)

This course is an introduction to the field of investments. The course is designed as a guide for people studying the capital markets for the first time. The course provides a survey of investments including security markets, investment vehicles, and investment analysis and portfolio management. Specific topics include the concept of risk and return; types of financial instruments; study of how they are bought and sold; an introduction to how they are valued in the marketplace; the survey of investment companies; asset allocation; concept of efficient markets; equity and bond portfolio management; portfolio performance evaluation; fiduciary responsibility and ethical conduct in investment profession; and corporate governance. The course is taught from the viewpoint of an individual rather than institutional investor. The course utilizes current economic and capital market information to make practical application of the course materials.
Prerequisites: BA 332 or BA 333.

BA 335  International Business  3 Credits (3,0)

An analysis of economic development and international trade in modern times, with an examination of current U.S. relations with other nations. Attention will be focused on the impact of foreign trade on the aviation industry and the industry's contribution to economic development.
Prerequisites: BA 201.

BA 337  Entrepreneurship  3 Credits (3,0)

This is an introductory course in career building, organization management, business development and technology commercialization in dynamic, early-stage, public and private sector product-markets - including the emerging Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) and related industries - with emphasis on entrepreneurism; the mentalities and processes of successful disruptive innovation. Prereq: BA 201
Prerequisites: BA 201.

BA 340  International Accounting  3 Credits (3,0)

This course introduces the student to accounting in the global environment. The student will learn about accounting systems and reporting practices around the world. Efforts toward accounting harmonization and the impact of international financial reporting standards will be discussed. Specific accounting topics such as accounting for currency exchange rate changes; financial reporting and disclosure issues in a global context; and using financial statements across borders and in emerging capital markets, will be covered. Managerial issues in an international context will also be discussed.
Prerequisites: BA 210.

BA 341  Global Logistics and Supply Chain Management  3 Credits (3,0)

It is vital to understand the roles of logistics and supply chain management (SCM) in a global economy where individuals and organizations have access to markets across the world. This course examines the key developments and the role of global logistics and SCM across all transport systems in increasing the competitiveness and efficiency of organizations. The course prepares and enables students to practice innovative and critical thinking skills and apply key drivers and measures to develop solutions to authentic logistics and supply chain problems that businesses regularly face both locally and around the world.

BA 342  International Finance  3 Credits (3,0)

The purpose of this course is to provide the analytical framework required for understanding how changes in international financial conditions influence decisions faced by modern business leaders in a global setting. The focus will be on interactions between cross-border trade and capital flows; inflation; interest rates; exchange rates; monetary and fiscal policy; and economic growth. Exchange rate regimes; exchange rate risk and hedging; global capital budgeting; short-term and long-term financing of multinational enterprise; and managing multinational operations will also be explored. The course is tailored to students seeking careers in global banking and investment or with finance and strategy departments of aviation operating enterprise in global markets.

BA 351  Auditing Principles and Procedures  3 Credits (3,0)

This course introduces students with the basic concepts of auditing and the role the auditor plays in a business environment. The course examines the nature of auditing by focusing on both auditing principles and practice including statutory requirements; auditing standards; guidelines; and other professional pronouncements. The course also addresses the auditing ethical and legal environment, objectives and procedures, materiality, risk management, sampling, and auditing in a computer environment.
Prerequisites: BA 210.

BA 352  Business Quantitative Methods  3 Credits (3,0)

Development, implementation, and utilization of business models for managerial decision making. Various techniques for modeling, such as statistical analyses techniques, data analysis, regression and correlation analysis, forecasting, simulation, and optimization models are covered. Developing models needed in decision support systems using Microsoft Excel.
Prerequisites: BA 221 or 222 and MA 222.

BA 390  Business Law  3 Credits (3,0)

A survey of the legal aspects of business transactions. Areas covered include contracts, agency, bailment, negotiable instruments, partnerships, corporations, consumer credit, and the governments influence on business law.

BA 399  Special Topics in Management  1-6 Credit

Individual independent or directed studies of selected topics in management.

BA 401  Accounting Information Systems  3 Credits (3,0)

This course introduces students to the use of information systems in the accounting process with an emphasis on computer systems and internal controls. The course will cover the principles involved in establishing an accounting information system, including source documents and interfaces needed for managerial accounting information needs with the design and implementation of systems. Students will review and analyze typical business processes, evaluate internal controls commonly implemented by business firms, and are exposed to a wide variety of tools, trends and techniques. These include flowcharts and communications tools, database management systems, enterprise resource planning (ERP), e-business and traditional legacy processing
Prerequisites: BA 121 and BA 210.

BA 408  Airport Management  3 Credits (3,0)

An examination of the management of airports with an emphasis on the facilities that make up an airport system, including airspace, airfield, and terminal and ground access operations.
Prerequisites: BA 201.

BA 410  Management of Air Cargo  3 Credits (3,0)

Intensive study of the practices and problems of management with respect to air cargo. Importance of air cargo service to the economy, rate and tariff problems, terminal facilities, competition, and future prospects.
Prerequisites: BA 201.

BA 411  Logistics Management for Aviation/Aerospace  3 Credits (3,0)

This course examines ways to optimize the physical flow of goods and materials in a firm from acquisition through production, and movement through channels of distribution. It focuses on applying logistics theory to aviation management problems in materials handling, managing inventory, planning capacities, and locating distribution centers. It includes case studies with aviation/aerospace applications using computer models.

BA 412  Airport Planning and Design  3 Credits (3,0)

The principles of airport master planning and system planning are studied. This course covers essential elements of current U.S. and international airport planning and design trends, including airport master planning and layout plans; geometric design and layout of the airfield and terminal facilities; obstruction analysis; signage and lighting; forecasting; airside and landside interface; and capacity and delay effects. The course also focuses on environmental planning, such as hazardous wildlife attractants, airport noise, and compatible land use.
Prerequisites: BA 408.

BA 415  Airline Management  3 Credits (3,0)

An introduction to the administrative aspects of airline operation and management. Topics include the annual profit plan, uniform system of accounts and reports, demand analysis, scheduling, the theory of pricing, fleet planning, facilities planning, and airline financing.
Prerequisites: BA 201.

BA 418  Airport Administration and Finance  3 Credits (3,0)

An advanced study of the organizational, political, and financial administration of public and private civil use airports. Areas of emphasis include public relations management; safety and security issues; employee organizational structures; financial and accounting strategies; revenue and expense sources; economic impacts of airport operations; airport performance measurement standards; and current trends and issues of direct concern to airport administrators.
Prerequisites: BA 408.

BA 420  Management of Production and Operations  3 Credits (3,0)

An intensive study of management in all organizations: service oriented and product oriented. Scheduling, inventory control procurement, quality control, and safety are investigated. Particular attention is given to applications of aviation-oriented activities.
Prerequisites: BA 201 and MA 222.

BA 421  Small Business Management  3 Credits (3,0)

An analysis of the theoretical and practical knowledge necessary to be successful in conceiving, initiating, organizing, and operating a small business. Special focus will be placed on small businesses in the aviation field.
Prerequisites: BA 201 and BA 210.

BA 425  Trends and Current Problems in Air Transportation  3 Credits (3,0)

This course assists students in building skills that allow them to identify trends and current problems in air transportation. These trends are related to market growth, airline network structure, competition, schedule change, aircraft size change, pricing, delays and on-time performance, and financial conditions. Students will use available databases to extract data, perform descriptive and statistical analysis, and derive conclusions.

BA 427  Management of Multicultural Workforce  3 Credits (3,0)

An investigation into the multicultural workforce. The elements of cultural anthropology and international business, communicating across cultures, contrasting cultural values, and managing and maintaining organizational culture are addressed in the context of international aviation management.
Prerequisites: BA 201.

BA 430  International Trade and Regulations  3 Credits (3,0)

Economic analysis of international trade, capital flows, and labor migration with particular emphasis on the laws governing these factors. Aviation applications include code-sharing and other international airline agreements and the impact of trade subsidies and open skies treaties.
Prerequisites: EC 200 or EC 210.

BA 434  Corporate Finance II  3 Credits (3,0)

The objective of this course is to study the major decision-making areas of managerial finance and some selected topics in financial theory. The course reviews the theory and empirical evidence related to the investment and financing policies of the firm and attempts to develop decision-making ability in these areas. This course serves as a complement and supplement to Corporate Finance I. Topics include leasing, dividend policy, mergers and acquisitions, corporate reorganizations, financial planning, working capital management, and international finance. Aviation and aerospace related businesses are emphasized.
Prerequisites: BA 332 and Junior Standing.

BA 436  Strategic Management  3 Credits (3,0)

This course introduces students to strategic management principles involving strategy, formulation, implementation, evaluation and organization analysis are studied. Case analysis, employing strategic management principles, is used to solve and examine organizational problems. Total Quality Management concepts are studied for improvement of organizational effectiveness.

BA 437  Strategic Management and Consulting  3 Credits (3,0)

This business program capstone course blends strategic management principles with actual consulting applications. Coursework includes strategy formulation, implementation, evaluation, and organization analysis. A case analysis employing aviation and global strategic management principles is used to examine organizational problems. Students also work in teams to undertake a mandatory field consulting project. As faculty-led student consultants, students must rely on influence, professional experience and knowledge sharing - rather than managerial control - to assess and impact a client and/or organization. Prerequisite: Graduating Seniors in Business Majors Only.

BA 439  Federal Taxation  3 Credits (3,0)

This course focuses on the fundamentals of federal income taxation. The materials covered will include the tax concepts and applications in corporate taxation, individual taxation, partnership taxation, transactions in property, and gift and estate taxation.
Prerequisites: BA 210 and BA 312.

BA 441  Global Entrepreneurship and Trade  3 Credits (3,0)

This course focuses on entering the global market and understanding the process of growing and managing an international venture. Areas covered in the course include the selection of international export and import business opportunities, the development of the strategic and global business marketing plan, managing an effective global supply chain and finance and legal concerns. In addition, weaved throughout the course is the understanding of global trade management and an examination of such influencing factors as culture, documentation and compliance with government regulations.

BA 442  Global Marketing Management  3 Credits (3,0)

This course offers an intensive study of international marketing management concepts, strategies and plan development, as required by firms interested in entering the global marketplace. Students are encouraged to become globally aware citizens as they seek to market goods and services internationally, as opposed to domestically. Marketing research will be conducted to explore cultural, societal, technological, physical/geographic, and economic challenges and opportunities associated with selected international markets. Students will team to create international marketing plans, containing useful strategic and tactics, deemed appropriate for the selected international market(s).
Prerequisites: BA 311.

BA 470  Forensic Accounting Capstone Internship  3 Credits (3,0)

This course is designed to permit the student to use the forensic accounting and fraud examination skills gained throughout the program in a related, professional environment while sharpening their research and analytical skills. Students must demonstrate high-level analysis in a research paper related to the internship experience. Course requires departmental approval and is only open to seniors in the Forensic Accounting and Fraud Examination degree program.
Prerequisites: Senior Standing in FAFE program.

BA 475  Forensic Accounting Senior Thesis  3 Credits (3,0)

The course is designed to permit the student to use the forensic accounting and fraud examination skills gained throughout the program while sharpening their research and analytical skills. It is a classic thesis research course that will enable a student to focus on an approved topic that requires an intensive review of the relevant literature, extensive independent research, and superior organization and writing. The senior thesis should provide a degree of originality in research, research method, and/or analysis. Course requires departmental approval and is only open to seniors in the Forensic Accounting and Fraud Examination degree program.
Prerequisites: Senior Standing in FAFE program.

BA 499  Special Topics in Management  1-6 Credit

Individual independent or directed studies of selected topics in management.