Business Administration (BA)


BA 511  Operations Research  3 Credits (3,0)

An advanced study in the use of mathematical and scientific tools and techniques in managerial decision-making. Operations research seeks to determine how best to design and operate a system, usually under conditions requiring the allocation of scarce resources. Emphasis will be on the applications of these methods in aviation and aviation-related industries. Topics include linear programming, probabilistic dynamic programming, game theory, forecasting, queuing theory, transportation, decision making under uncertainty, network models, and Markov chains.

BA 514  Strategic Marketing Management in Aviation  3 Credits (3,0)

Development, implementation, and control of marketing strategies in an aviation/aerospace organization. Strategic marketing processes and analytics in the business marketplace. Market segmentation, customer satisfaction, service quality.

BA 520  Organizational Behavior, Theory, and Applications in Aviation  3 Credits (3,0)

Focus on current theoretical and practical organizational issues through a managerial lens; human development; effective work elements; professional and personal leadership.

BA 523  Advanced Aviation Economics  3 Credits (3,0)

A study of economic applications to the aviation and aerospace industry. Students will examine the evolution of market forces in the industry with particular emphasis on airlines, airports, and manufacturing. Concepts of yield management, air passenger demand forecasting, price and cost study, airport economics, air and land space optimization strategies, government's role in aviation, international implications of competition and government regulation, economic analysis of safety, and other relevant industry issues are examined. Emphasis is placed on an increasingly international air transportation environment.

BA 530  Business Analytics for Managers  3 Credits (3,0)

Using data to gain business insights. Data and data analysis in an effort to solve managerial problems using different organizational data in making strategic decisions. Key performance indicators, data presentation tools, scorecards and dashboards to engage in evidence based decision-making.
Prerequisites: MA 210 or MA 222 or equivalent

BA 540  Sustainability, Environment, Society and Governance in Aviation and Aerospace  3 Credits (3,0)

The global impact of air transportation and its challenges. Environmental impact, climate change, ecosystems, air, water, land, and biodiversity. The ESG (environmental, social and governance) framework. Innovation and research including propulsion technologies, sustainable aviation fuels, decarbonization, detoxification, clean and renewable energies. Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) and other initiatives and best practices. Social issues and the role of corporate governance. Regulatory compliance, public policies and international guidelines towards aviation and aerospace sustainability. Risk mitigation and management.

BA 590  Graduate Seminar  1-3 Credit

A study of the most current advancements in a particular field of study as determined by the instructor. The course will have a different topic each term depending on the varied interests of the students, the graduate faculty, or the research requirements of the Aviation Business Administration department.

BA 599  Special Topics Business Admininistration  1-6 Credit

Individual independent or directed studies of selected topics.

BA 600  Commercial Spaceport Planning and Operations  3 Credits (3,0)

Holistic view of commercial spaceport planning and operations. Technological drivers, policies and regulations, infrastructure, environmental forces, business models and financial management models for commercial spaceports. Analysis of spaceport-relevant data for strategic planning and operational purposes.

BA 603  Aerospace Production and Operations Management  3 Credits (3,0)

An advanced study of production and operations management as it relates to the planning, coordinating, and executing of all activities that create goods and services in a global aeronautic/aerospace environment. Special quantitative and qualitative emphasis is placed on the blending of the concepts of industrial engineering, cost accounting, reliability and availability, and general management in the context of core production and control decision activities, such as capacity planning, product design, layout of facilities, selecting of locations for facilities, quality assurance, fleet planning, scheduling, inventory management, and project management. Special emphasis is placed on the examination of recent trends in global competition, increased reliance of quality for competitive technology transfer into production systems, and the increased value added by worker involvement in problem solving and decision making.

BA 604  International Management and Aviation Policy  3 Credits (3,0)

Major issues in the operation of international business including structure, location, and strategic planning. Evaluate foreign market entry methods, foreign currency exchange issues, hedging, and the International Monetary Fund. Analyze human resource issues including culture, communications, labor force management, teamwork, and ethics. Evaluate trade theories, tariffs, and other barriers to trade.

BA 607  Human Resource Development  3 Credits (3,0)

This course emphasizes the integration of the individual into the organization by studying the current and fundamental issues in organization theory and organizational behavior as they relate to the individual. The effectiveness of the individual in the organization is examined in terms of personal traits such as communicative abilities, leadership style and potential, and beliefs about organizational ethics and social responsibility.

BA 609  Airline Operations and Management  3 Credits (3,0)

An integrated study of airline operations and functions. Domestic and international regulation of air carriers and the industry's changing structure due to alliances and globalization are addressed. Airline economics, airline marketing and pricing, computer reservation and revenue management systems, fleet planning and scheduling, aircraft maintenance, aircraft finance, labor relations, organizational structure, and strategic planning are studied.

BA 610  Airline Optimization and Simulation Systems  3 Credits (3,0)

The airline industry provides an application-rich environment for the field of optimization and simulation systems. This course explores a variety of optimization models and simulation techniques commonly adopted by and integrated into airline decision making for the solution of multiple scheduling and planning problems. This course examines the technical aspects of modeling in network transportation systems, including issues involved in optimizing scheduling, fleet assignment, aircraft routing, crew pairing, gate assignment, and irregular operations. Discrete-event simulation models will be explored to determine their applications in the schedule-planning process. The course explores how airline companies handle their short, medium, and long-term schedule planning using these methodologies.
Prerequisites: BA 511

BA 612  Data Analytics for Aviation Business  3 Credits (3,0)

Introduction to methods, techniques, and analytical tools to handle large datasets with applications on aviation and aerospace data. Topics include the pipeline of handling large data such as data collection, cleaning, standardization, mining, analysis, visualization and reporting, and different types of data analytics techniques such as descriptive, inferential, predictive, and prescriptive analytics.
Prerequisites: Graduate student in good standing

BA 616  Electronic Commerce  3 Credits (3,0)

This course seeks to develop knowledgeable users and effective managers of Electronic Commerce (E-commerce), with a focus on aviation and aerospace management applications. A combination of technical and managerial material is presented in order to achieve an understanding of the operational and strategic uses of Electronic Commerce within the aviation industry. Emphasis is placed on todays electronic marketplace and the use of computers as a selling, marketing, and communications tool.

BA 620  Organizational Theory  3 Credits (3,0)

This course is an advanced study of the history, theory, and principles behind organizational design, and the role of structure in organizational effectiveness. Other topics include the impact of reengineering and organizational changes on employee and firm performance, and designing for a global and electronic environment.

BA 625  Airline Marketing  3 Credits (3,0)

A study of the functions and basic concepts of marketing air transportation services. Discussion includes passenger and cargo markets, determinants of travel demand, growth factors, seasonality, and cargo traffic categories characteristics. Product and service elements, roles of advertising and travel agents, marketing unit structure, pricing and cost environment, and schedule planning are also among the topics examined.

BA 630  Aviation/Aerospace Systems Analysis  3 Credits (3,0)

This course is a study of systems theory and its relationship to aviation/aerospace systems management. The course covers a brief history of systems theory and the system life cycle concept, and explains the major activities in each phase of a systems life cycle. Also examined are specific topics related to system design and support, including reliability, maintainability, availability, customer support, product improvement, and the role of data collection and analysis. Related topics covered are cost effectiveness analysis and sensitivity analysis. The course examines applications and case studies specific to aviation/aerospace, including military applications and computer simulation models.

BA 632  Seminar in Aviation Labor Relations  3 Credits (3,0)

A study of the union movement, labor legislation, representation elections, the collective bargaining process, contract administration, and conflict resolution. The focus of the course will be on current issues in labor relations, and the evolution of private and public sector bargaining practices in the aviation industry. The impact on human resource management is analyzed.

BA 635  Business Policy and Decision Making  3 Credits (3,0)

Capstone course for MBA program that expands on skills, knowledge, and abilities students have achieved in their core courses. Application of strategic planning and management tools in aviation, aerospace, and other key industries. Formulation and implementation of policies to achieve competitive advantage.
Prerequisites: BA 635 Prerequisite is completion of at least 5 of the following courses: BA 511/514/517/518/520/523

BA 636  Venture Creation - an Entrepreneurial Approach to Starting and Building a New Enterprise  3 Credits (3,0)

This course examines the process of starting and scaling an enterprise from an idea and business plan into a company. The course recognizes the importance of execution: turning a business plan into a high-growth company. The course covers: (1) capturing value from a winning idea (2) delivering effective investor presentations; (3) building a team of employees, partners, and investors; (4) managing growth from 0 to 50 employees, 50 to 150, and beyond; (5) achieving excellence in product development, marketing, sales, and operations without blowing your limited budget; (6) exit strategies. Students' understanding of these topics will be enriched by case studies and invited entrepreneurs in a workshop environment. A key deliverable of the course will be a business plan presentation event at the conclusion of the term.
Prerequisites: Graduate students in good standing

BA 645  Airport Operations and Management  3 Credits (3,0)

A study of the management and operation of public-use airports. Specifically, traffic forecasting, sources of revenues and expenses, management of passenger and cargo terminal buildings, ground handling of passengers and baggage, ground access systems, and the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration Regulations dealing with airport operations. Current problems with environmental impact, land-use planning and control, airport capacity and delay, public relations, airport finance, airport privatization, liability, and economic impact will be covered.

BA 646  Air Cargo Logistics Management  3 Credits (3,0)

This course provides an introduction to different topics related to the planning and operations of air cargo systems. These topics include identifying the main components of an air cargo system, the competition between air cargo and other surface-transportation modes, network and capacity planning, demand analysis and trends in the domestic and international markets, air cargo revenue management, cargo strategic alliances, revenue proration agreements, supply chain in air cargo management, shipper and forwarder interaction, ground/sorting operations, airport relations, e-commerce in air cargo management, marketing air cargo service, and air cargo security. The course also introduces students to several air cargo management and logistics computer software and applications. It also presents several study cases in air cargo management and market analysis.

BA 650  Airline/Airport Relations  3 Credits (3,0)

This course is a comprehensive examination and analysis of the symbiotic and yet often volatile relationship between airline and airport management. This course focuses on the varying perspectives toward issues that airline and airport management must address in order to effectively operate. The student will develop an understanding of current issues impacting the relationship between airlines and airports. A historical overview, current airport and airline operational and financial characteristics, legal perspectives, current financial practices, rates and charges, use and lease agreements, air service development and future issues are studied.
Prerequisites: BA 609 or BA 645

BA 651  Strategic Airport Planning  3 Credits (3,0)

An advanced study of airport operations and management designed from a strategic management perspective. In the course, a number of management tools emphasizing computer software applications used in strategic airport planning will be introduced.
Prerequisites: BA 609 or BA 645 or BA 650

BA 655  Aviation Law and Insurance  3 Credits (3,0)

Governmental regulatory functions affecting statutory and administrative law pertaining to aviation. National and international impact of these laws on aviation policies and operations. The legal aspects of business contracts, negotiable instruments, and commercial codes as they relate to aviation. Overview of the principles of insurance and risk applied to aviation.

BA 673  Lean Six Sigma in Aviation and Aerospace  3 Credits (3,0)

This course is a study of Lean Six Sigma (LSS) theory and its application within the aviation/aerospace systems and services environment. It covers a brief history of Six Sigma, JIT/Lean, and Lean Six Sigma (LSS) and presents the major activities that make each application unique as well as interdependent. The course also covers development of Quality Function Deployment (QFD) models and their ability to blend the voice of the "product/process" and "voice of the customer" into a single specification/capability map for product/service design. A working knowledge of the DMAIC process is additionally emphasized.
Prerequisites: Graduate students in good standing

BA 683  Supply Chain Management  3 Credits (3,0)

The focus of this course is on supply chain management. Topics include the evolution and objective of supply chain management; the major stages and processes involved in planning and managing supply chains; and why the concept of strategic fit is so important to supply chain managers. Successful students will also understand the major drivers of supply chain performance; key metrics for managing performance; and how to plan and forecast demand under conditions of uncertainty to meet desired customer service levels. This course also addresses the purpose and content of the Supply Chain Operations Reference (SCOR) Model. Case studies and problems are used throughout the course to highlight important principles and best practices in supply chain management.

BA 696  Graduate Internship in Aviation Business Administration  1-3 Credit

Temporary professional or industrial work appointments made available to students enrolled in graduate programs at the University. An internship provides graduate students with an opportunity to extend their academic endeavors through the application of the theories and philosophies studied in the classroom to specific professional activities common to the workplace. They are academic/professional activities coordinated by the University between offering organizations and the graduate student. Prior approval of the graduate program coordinator is required.

BA 699  Special Topics in Business Administration  1-6 Credit

Individual independent or directed studies of selected topics.

BA 700  Thesis  1-9 Credit

A written document on an aviation/aerospace topic supervised throughout its preparation by the student's thesis committee, which demonstrates the student's mastery of the topic and is of satisfactory quality for publication.
Prerequisites: BA 522

BA 701  Doctoral Residency I  1 Credit (1,0)

One-week residency program for doctoral students, encompassing a series of sessions covering topics including aviation research methods, professional development, training workshops, business ethics, along with networking opportunities with peers and faculty.

BA 702  Doctoral Residency II  1 Credit (1,0)

One-week residency program for doctoral students, encompassing a series of sessions covering topics including aviation research methods, professional development, training workshops, business ethics, along with networking opportunities with peers and faculty.
Prerequisites: BA 701

BA 705  Advanced Air Transport Economic Modeling  3 Credits (3,0)

Application of economic theory and mathematical modeling to the aviation and air transportation industry; evolution of market forces and the industry structure with an emphasis on airlines, airports, and manufacturing; air passenger demand, revenue management, price and cost study, airline global alliances, market structure and the implications of these for airlines. Current research and applications in the airline and aerospace industries.

BA 710  Advanced Marketing Management in Aviation and Aerospace  3 Credits (3,0)

Marketing management principles applied to the global airline, airport and aerospace industries. Market segmentation, consumer research and satisfaction measurement, new product and service development, communication strategies in a digital environment, global distribution systems, pricing decisions and impact on revenue management systems.

BA 715  Advanced Aviation Accounting  3 Credits (3,0)

Financial and managerial accounting concepts and their application to the aviation industry; the income statement, the balance sheet, the statement of stockholders' equity, and the statement of cash flows in an aviation context. Reporting and analyzing leases and income taxes, profit planning, cost-volume-profit analysis, segment reporting, standard costs and performance reports with an emphasis on the aviation industry.

BA 717  Aviation and Aerospace Accounting and Finance  3 Credits (3,0)

A review of accounting and finance concepts and their application to the aviation and aerospace industries.

BA 725  Aviation and Aerospace Organizational Behavior  3 Credits (3,0)

Key theories and research streams that have emerged in organizational behavior, particularly in an aviation and aerospace context.

BA 730  Research Methods in Aviation and Aerospace I  3 Credits (3,0)

How to conduct advanced scientific research, emphasizing the research process and development of a cohesive scholarly research proposal. Theories and use in academic research. Research questions, literature review, hypotheses supported by theory, and testable conceptual models. Various quantitative and qualitative research methods and associated data collection methods.

BA 735  Research Methods in Aviation and Aerospace II  3 Credits (3,0)

Study of selected topics in quantitative, qualitative and mixed research methodology for dealing with primary and secondary data, advanced issues in data collection and sampling, validity and reliability test of results, research ethics, review of academic paper preparation and publication process.
Prerequisites: BA 730

BA 740  Statistics and Business Data Analytics I  3 Credits (3,0)

Introduction to basic concepts and methods of probability and statistical inferences through a series of applications in business; More advanced econometrics and statistical methods with hands-on experience of statistical software in analyzing data in aviation and aerospace.

BA 745  Statistics and Business Data Analytics II  3 Credits (3,0)

Introduction to advanced statistical methods with applications of data analysis in business. Working knowledge of concepts underlying the techniques; Both mathematical background and problems of applications. Systematic reasoning to solve problems in business by implementing advanced statistical methods to conduct empirical research.
Prerequisites: BA 740

BA 805  Statistics and Multivariate Analysis  3 Credits (3,0)

This course introduces students to several important advanced mathematical and statistical techniques that are used to build and test econometric models, and provide solutions to various data-centric problems. Emphasis will be placed on developing an understanding of the essentials underlying various statistical methods and the ability to relate the methods to important issues faced by an analyst carrying out econometric analysis on airline economic and/or financial data. Students will use statistical software such as SPSS/ EVIEWS/ LIMDEP/ R to do computational studies with economic/ financial data. In this course students are expected to utilize a systematic and careful reasoning to solve managerial problems and apply these methods for empirical research.

BA 810  Advanced Topics in Business Quantitative Methods  3 Credits (3,0)

Provides an overview on operations research and quantitative methods including mathematical programming, linear and integer optimization, search algorithms and metaheuristics. Provides also an overview on stochastic modeling and simulation. Emphasis is also placed on the application of these methods in aviation business settings.

BA 815  Seminars in Research Methods  3 Credits (3,0)

How to conduct advanced social science research emphasizing development of a scholarly research proposal. Evaluation of published empirical research articles; constructing a researchable question; research method selection; data collection techniques, instrumentation, sampling, ethical considerations, and reliability and validity assessment.

BA 830  Doctoral Seminar in Airline Management  3 Credits (3,0)

Research seminars expose students to the latest research in airline management.

BA 835  Doctoral Seminar in Air Cargo and Logistics  3 Credits (3,0)

Study of the scope of research in topics relating to logistics and air cargo management, provides students the opportunity to conduct research on topic of interest in the area of air cargo and logistics.

BA 840  Doctoral Seminar in Aviation and Aerospace Operations Management  3 Credits (3,0)

Study of the latest research in the area of aviation and aerospace operations management.

BA 842  Doctoral Seminar in Survey Development and Analysis  3 Credits (3,0)

Measurement and analysis of latent business phenomena and their effects through survey-based research. Aviation and aerospace business-based contexts. Structural and measurement models. Applied questionnaire design. Examination of data; statistical evaluation of models. Structural equation modeling with partial least squares. Application-driven with a theoretical foundation.

BA 844  Doctoral Seminar in Instructional Design for Knowledge Transfer  3 Credits (3,0)

Theory and practice of instructional course design and development in aviation business administration; knowledge acquisition and transfer in business aviation; Hands-on experience in teaching and educational assessment; Introduction to the academic path for doctoral degree holders.

BA 845  Doctoral Seminar in Information Systems and Data Analytics in Aviation and Aerospace  3 Credits (3,0)

Latest research topics and methods in Information Systems and Data Analytics.

BA 850  Doctoral Seminar in Airport Management  3 Credits (3,0)

Domestic and international regulations and policy, operations, infrastructure and facility development, safety and security, customers services, relationships with airlines and other stakeholders. Provision of commercial services and competition among airports.

BA 855  Doctoral Seminar in Aviation and Aerospace Supply Chain Management  3 Credits (3,0)

Latest research in the area of supply chain management, with a focus on its application to the aviation and aerospace industries.

BA 860  Doctoral Seminar in Aviation and Aerospace Innovation and Entrepreneurship  3 Credits (3,0)

Latest research and advanced issues in aviation & aerospace innovation and entrepreneurship.

BA 865  Doctoral Seminar in Globalization in Aviation and Aerospace  3 Credits (3,0)

Current state of research and scholarly activity in the field of global aviation including topics relating to alliances, liberalization, operational activity, and challenges.

BA 870  Doctoral Seminar in Leadership in Aviation and Aerospace  3 Credits (3,0)

Theory and research of leadership under the contexts of aviation and aerospace.

BA 875  Doctoral Seminar in Aviation and Aerospace Human Factors  3 Credits (3,0)

Latest research and advanced issues in aviation and aerospace human factors.

BA 880  Doctoral Seminar in Aviation and Aerospace Law  3 Credits (3,0)

Legal environment of aviation and aerospace; Latest legal issues within the aviation and aerospace industries.

BA 885  Doctoral Seminar in Advanced Aviation and Aerospace Finance  3 Credits (3,0)

Latest research and advanced issues within the aviation and aerospace finance discipline.

BA 890  Doctoral Seminar in Advanced Aviation and Aerospace Economics  3 Credits (3,0)

Latest research and advanced issues within the aviation and aerospace economics discipline.

BA 895  Research Seminar/Special Topics in Aviation Business Administration  3 Credits

Research seminars expose students to the latest research areas within the discipline.

BA 901  Dissertation  1-9 Credit (3,0)

A doctoral-level research in Aviation Business, including an oral defense and a written dissertation satisfying all doctoral degree program guidelines. Supervised by the student's advisor and dissertation committee. Approval of the dissertation committee is required to receive final dissertation credit.