Aeronautical Science (AS)

Courses

AS 120  Principles of Aeronautical Science  3 Credits (3,0)

An introductory course in Aeronautical Science designed to provide the student with a broad-based aviation orientation in flight-related areas appropriate to all non-Aeronautical Science degree programs. Subjects include historical developments in aviation and the airline industry; theory of flight; airport operations; aircraft systems and performance; elements of air navigation; basic meteorology theory; air traffic principles; flight physiology; and aviation regulations and safety. Not available to Aeronautical Science students, students with FAA pilot certificates, or students who have credit for AS 121.

AS 121  Private Pilot Operations  5 Credits (5,0)

This course develops the aeronautical knowledge required for certification as a Private Pilot with an Airplane Single Engine Land rating. Topics include: regulations, safety, pre-solo operations, cross-country planning, airspace, chart use, communications, weather, performance, weight and balance, aerodynamics, and decision-making. Students must register for the same section of AS 121 and ASC 101. A grade of C or better is required in any program, minor or area of concentration requiring AS 121.

AS 125  Private and UAS Pilot Operations  3 Credits (5,0)

This course helps to develop the aeronautical knowledge required for FAA approved limited operations as a UAS Operator within the present regulatory framework. This class will prepare students to pass the FAA Private Pilot Knowledge Test (PPKT). The PPKT is a common test required by the FAA as proof of a foundation of aviation knowledge for UAS operators. Topics include; Aviation regulations, safety, pre-solo operations, cross-country planning, airspace, chart use, communications, weather, performance, weight and balance, aerodynamics and decision-making. These topics are addressed through the lens of UAS operations with special emphasis on airspace.

AS 137  Aviation English  3 Credits (3,0)

This course will introduce non-native speakers of English to introductory level aviation terms and concepts. There will also be additional emphasis on pronunciation of critical phraseology, and extensive practice with listening and speaking in regards to radio communications in routine and non-routine situations.

AS 143  Private Helicopter Operations  5 Credits (4,1)

This course is an FAA approved aviation ground course designed to teach the student the aeronautical knowledge of basic aerodynamics, principles of flight instruments and aircraft systems, basic flight maneuvers, aeronautical charts, aviation weather, flight planning, and the national airspace system required for the Private Pilot Rotorcraft Helicopter rating. The lab enhances learning from the lecture segment of the class through the practical application of knowledge. Lab topics include but are not limited to airport operations, cross-country flight planning, digital flight planning, electronic navigation, performance, weight and balance, and aeronautical decision-making.

AS 199  Special Topics in Aeronautical Science  1-6 Credit

Individual independent or directed studies of selected topics.

AS 207  Introduction to Aviation Research Methods  3 Credits (3,0)

This course is a general introduction to the methodology and data analysis procedures associated with aviation/aerospace research. Topics covered include the purpose of research, defining research and research problems, defining a hypothesis, problem solving and knowledge discovery, methods of qualitative and quantitative research, conducting literature reviews designing appropriate methodologies, evaluating outcomes, analysis and communication of the results. Research and technical reports from professional publications are examined along with the use of statistical terminology, computations, and reporting methods.
Prerequisites: (COM 221 or COM 222) and (MA 112 or MA 222)

AS 220  Uncrewed Aircraft Systems  3 Credits (3,0)

Survey of uncrewed aircraft systems (UAS); military and commercial history, growth, and application of UASs; basic acquisition, use, and operation of UAS with an emphasis on operations.

AS 221  Instrument Pilot Operations  3 Credits (3,0)

This course develops aeronautical knowledge required for addition of an Instrument Airplane rating to a Private Pilot certificate. Topics include instrument flying regulations, safety, operations, navigation systems, chart use, weather, flight planning, decision-making, and crew resource management. A grade of C or better is required in any program, minor or area of concentration requiring AS 221.
Prerequisites: FA 121 (AS Majors or students in Flight Minor). AS 120 (For Non-AS Majors) Corequisites: AS 221L (For AS Majors or Flight Minor)

AS 221L  Instrument Pilot Operations Laboratory  1 Credit (0,1)

Application of principles and knowledge discussed in AS 221 Instrument Pilot Operations. Areas include HSI and RMI operations, Electronic Flight Bag (EFB) operations and theory, Advanced G1000 Operations, and IFR cross-country planning.
Corequisites: AS 221

AS 235  Uncrewed Aircraft Systems Operation and Cross-Country Data Entry  3 Credits (3,0)

Core technologies of uncrewed aircraft systems. Examination of design concepts, powerplants, control systems, and communication technologies utilized in current uncrewed aircraft systems. Emphasis on technical capabilities, best applications, and operational best practices of cross-country flight planning for modern UAS platforms.
Prerequisites: (AS 121 or AS 125) and AS 220

AS 246  Basic Navigation  3 Credits (3,0)

An introduction to navigation for Aeronautical Science students. The course content includes aircraft instruments and systems theory, aircraft performance, navigation theory and solution methods, application of electronic navigation systems, precision flight control principles, navigation information sources and planning procedures, and special problems in navigation with emphasis on flight planning.

AS 252  Instrument Helicopter Operations  3 Credits (3,0)

This course will examine helicopter instrument flying in the National Airspace System below 18,000 feet. Topics to be covered include Federal Aviation Regulations, helicopter performance for instrument flight, instrument approach procedures, weather related to instrument flying, en route navigation, and the elements of resource management. By the end of the course, the student will have met the aeronautical knowledge requirements to take the FAA Instrument, Rotorcraft-Helicopter written knowledge test.
Prerequisites: FH 142 and AS 142 or AS 143

AS 299  Special Topics in Aeronautical Science  1-6 Credit

Individual independent or directed studies of selected topics.

AS 309  Aerodynamics  3 Credits (3,0)

Students are provided with an opportunity to explore incompressible flow airfoil theory, wing theory. Topics center on calculation of stall speed, drag, basic performance criteria, configuration changes, high and low speed conditions, special flight conditions, and an introduction to compressible flow.
Prerequisites: PS 113 or PS 150

AS 310  Aircraft Performance  3 Credits (3,0)

This course explores the aerodynamic performance of aircraft powered by reciprocating, turboprop, or jet turbine engines. Additional topics address stability and control, weight and balance, and operating data.
Prerequisites: AS 309

AS 311  Aircraft Engines - Turbine  3 Credits (3,0)

A comprehensive study of aircraft turbine engine fundamentals, theory, and operations. Multiple engine designs, components, and future trends and technologies.
Prerequisites: (PS 113 or PS 161) and (MA 112 or MA 241)

AS 315  UAS Robotics  3 Credits (3,0)

Technologies, systems and control of uncrewed aircraft. A pragmatic exploration of uncrewed aircraft systems, sensors, and their integration; robotic control. Uses guided discussions and hands on learning, including basic programming.
Prerequisites: AS 235

AS 316  Safety Principles of Aircraft Energy Management  3 Credits (3,0)

This course introduces energy safety management as a best practice for pilots to understand, monitor and control the airplane as an energy system. Based on fundamental physics and well-tested applications, the course approaches managing the airplane's energy as a human performance process founded on piloting knowledge, rules, and skills to fly safely.
Prerequisites: PS 113

AS 317  UAS Networking  3 Credits (3,0)

This course is a study of the information technology, communications, and frequency spectrum used in conjunction with uncrewed systems around the world. Students explore signal processing, communications, interfaces, data links/exchange, FCC regulations, interoperability, and communication standards and protocols associated with robotic systems. Attention will be given to tools and methods used to support development, configuration, and application of uncrewed systems individual and networked operations through communication and information processing of signals and data.
Prerequisites: AS 235

AS 320  Commuter Aviation  3 Credits (3,0)

The objective of this course is to acquaint the student with the developmental, administrative and operational factors peculiar to commuter aviation, especially since passage of the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978. Relationship with major/national airlines, including the impact of mergers and acquisitions, profiles of passenger and cargo carrying commuters, and analysis of commuter airline success and failures are treated. Emphasis is placed on the establishment of a new commuter airline which includes market and financial analyses, the company plan, air- craft selection and acquisition, route structure and timetable, marketing strategy and pertinent regulatory requirements.
Prerequisites: BA 201

AS 321  Commercial Pilot Operations  3 Credits (3,0)

This course develops aeronautical knowledge required for certification as a Commercial Pilot with Single and Multi-Engine Land ratings. Topics include multi-engine flying in VFR and IFR environments, including high altitude, night, winter, and mountain. Topics also include regulations, safety, weather, aerodynamics, weight and balance, performance, aircraft systems, navigation facilities, chart use, and decision-making. A grade of C or better is required in any program, minor or area of concentration requiring AS 321.
Prerequisites: AS 221 and FA 221 Corequisites: AS 321L:

AS 321L  Commercial Pilot Operations Laboratory  1 Credit (0,1)

Application of principles and knowledge discussed in AS 321-Commercial Pilot Operations. Automation management principles and theory, advanced G1000 operations including use of the GFC 700 autopilot, and advanced aeronautical decision making.
Corequisites: AS 321

AS 322  Operational and Industrial Aspects of UAS  3 Credits (3,0)

Uncrewed Aviation (UA) management and leadership. UA technologies and program development/project management.
Prerequisites: AS 220 and COM 221.

AS 323  Crew Resource Management for UAS  3 Credits (3,0)

Principles of organizational behavior, interpersonal relationship skills, and critical behavioral dynamics used by Uncrewed Aircraft Systems (UAS) crews. Information processing, Human Error, Communications Processes, Problem Solving, Workload Management, and Situational Awareness with particular attention given to dealing with teleoperation and automation in UAS application.
Prerequisites: AS 220

AS 324  Global Uncrewed Aircraft Systems (UAS) Regulations  3 Credits (3,0)

This course will introduce the student to the US regulations dealing with Uncrewed Aircraft Systems (UAS). There will be additional emphasis given to the 30 states in the US currently applying their own individual laws. The student will become familiar with 67 other nations' laws dealing with UAS. The student will be introduced to the unique airspace characteristics of each one of these other nations.

AS 325  Dronealism and Cinematography  3 Credits (1.5,1.5)

The course will include instruction, through lectures and instructional lab utilizing Uncrewed Aircraft Systems to create, produce, develop, edit, plan and execute cinematic sequences, styles and storyboarding to create media for TV, Film and Broadcast. A multitude of techniques, processes, and functions will be utilized to ensure that all students understand the deliverables required by different industries requiring aerial video and photography services.
Prerequisites: UAS majors

AS 350  Domestic and International Navigation  3 Credits (3,0)

A study of FAR Part 121 domestic and flag regulations and their impact on long-range domestic and international flights. ICAO, JAA, and FAA operational requirements and typical air carrier Ops SPECS to plan domestic and transoceanic flights; CBT simulation programs may be utilized as necessary to demonstrate actual flight scenarios; High-altitude airspace, navigation, and approach procedure chart interpretation; NAT HLA and RVSM airspace, dispatch procedures, ETOPS, ETP, driftdown, track messages, LRN accuracy checks, Oceanic Air Traffic Control clearances, international METARs and TAFs and emergencies and contingencies while on oceanic tracks; and communication systems requirements and methodology to include satellite, digital, and analog devices.
Prerequisites: AS 221 Corequisites: AS 310

AS 356  Aircraft Systems and Components  3 Credits (3,0)

A comprehensive study of aircraft systems and components at the technical level. Areas of study include aircraft electrical, hydraulic, fuel, propeller, and auxiliary systems, including theory of operation, calculations, and related Federal Aviation Regulations. This course is not available for students who have received credit for the AMS systems course.
Prerequisites: PS 103 or PS 113

AS 357  Flight Physiology  3 Credits (3,0)

This course explores aero- medical information. Topics include causes, symptoms, prevention, and treatment of flight environment disorders. Altitude effects, spatial disorientation, body heat imbalance, visual anomalies, and psychological factors are included as they relate to pilot performance and survival effectiveness.
Prerequisites: AS 120 or or AS 121 or AS 142 or AS 143

AS 359  Aviation Stress Management  3 Credits (3,0)

This course is designed to provide an understanding of stress on the human condition (physically, psychologically, and emotionally), explore personal responses or tendencies when stressed, and learn practical tools, concepts, and techniques to manage stress. This course will prepare students in the aviation industry how to effectively manage inherent levels of stress related to the complexity of tasks and job demands. It is important for working professionals to have comprehensive stress reduction tools and techniques to support complex and varied professional requirements and the unpredictable demands of life.

AS 359L  Aviation Stress Management Lab  1 Credit (0,1)

The purpose of this laboratory course is to support direct academic instruction and course objectives of AS 359: Aviation Stress Management. This course will provide an opportunity to develop tools & advance personal practice of newly learned stress prevention & stress reduction techniques to manage stress effectively. This laboratory course is being offered to students who have previously taken AS 395CC Aviation Stress Management or are currently enrolled in AS 359 Aviation Stress Management.Professionals in the aviation industry experience inherent levels of stress related to complexity of tasks and job demands. AS 359 Aviation Stress Management introduces students to practical methods of stress management and accessing the relaxation response. Once students understand the foundations of stress they can identify and utilize appropriate management tools. Having opportunity to advance practice and effectively develop stress management techniques and coping strategies is necessary for learning skills and concepts, embed into routine, and ultimately establish positive habits that promote stress resiliency.

AS 372  Commercial Helicopter Operations  3 Credits (3,0)

******OFFERED ON PRESCOTT CAMPUS ONLY******The student will develop an in-depth knowledge of helicopter components, functions, systems, aerodynamics, and performance at the commercial pilot level. The student will also gain necessary knowledge of en route flight to include weather, navigation, and regulations. By the end of the course, the student will have met the aeronautical knowledge requirements to take the FAA Commercial Pilot Rotorcraft-Helicopter written knowledge test.
Prerequisites: AS 252 and FH 252

AS 380  Pilot Career Planning and Interviewing Techniques  1 Credit (1,0)

A course in which students will discuss and develop short-term and long-term job and career goals, conduct career research using various University and Industry resources, prepare a personal job search portfolio, prepare resumes and letters of application, and gain insights and proficiency in interviewing skills so they are better prepared to enter the job market upon graduation. Students will participate in simulated interview scenarios, will be expected to correspond with at least one company, and will be involved in the evaluation of letters, resumes, and interviews. This course will be graded Pass/Fail. Pre-Requisite: Junior standing
Prerequisites: Junior Standing

AS 384  European Aviation Appreciation  3 Credits (3,0)

An experiential, highly participatory course based on research about the European contributions to the development of aviation. Students will study European contributions to past and present aviation and aerospace achievements. If scheduling permits, visits to European aviation museums and airshows are included. Integral to the course is understanding how the historical development of aviation was influenced by each countries unique culture. AS 384 is normally offered in conjunction with the ERAU Study-Abroad program.

AS 387  Crew Resource Management  3 Credits (3,0)

A course designed to develop a detailed understanding of the organizational behavior, interpersonal relationships skills, and other critical behavioral dynamics of professional flight crews. The history of CRM, CRM concepts of communication processes, problem solving, group dynamics, workload management, and situational awareness will be investigated. Aircraft incidents and accidents related to the evolution of CRM training programs and FAA regulations will be analyzed. Intrapersonal and psychomotor skills will be addressed as they relate to safe, legal, and efficient flight operations. This course is a capstone course for the AMS degree, Flight AOC.
Prerequisites: PSY 101 or PSY 222

AS 389  Helicopter Operational Planning  3 Credits (3,0)

Students will study a variety of specialized helicopter tasks while considering applicable FARs, operational planning and contingency planning necessary for safe execution. Students discuss tasks with industry experts for a real-world perspective. Students study and apply risk management techniques with an emphasis on application to helicopter specialties and operational planning. Operational planning requirements, to include specific tasks, communication, crew, equipment, and environment, are examined with a focus on contingency planning. During this course, students engage in scenario-based training analyzing real world operational tasks. By the end of the course, the student will demonstrate knowledge of helicopter operational planning and risk management concepts necessary for operation in the commercial helicopter industry.
Prerequisites: AS 372 Corequisites: FH 372

AS 390  Application of UAS Technology  3 Credits (3,0)

Train UAS operators to apply UAS technology to meet contemporary commercial objectives. Education in geographic information systems, extracting payload data, imagery processing and synthesizing captured data to develop commercial products.
Prerequisites: AS 368

AS 399  Special Topics in Aeronautical Science  1-6 Credit

Individual independent or directed studies of selected topics.

AS 402  Airline Operations  3 Credits (3,0)

A study of the scope and function of a major air carrier's organizational structure and the specific relationships of the operations department with those of marketing, maintenance, and safety are discussed. A study of corporate issues including the industry in general, market structure, certification, FAR Part 121 regulations, economic issues, mergers, corporate culture, and international topics will be included. From an operational perspective, topics include flight operations employment policies, domiciles, operating specifications, types of services provided, training, passenger considerations, decision making, communications, and pertinent FARs.

AS 403  Uncrewed Sensing Systems  3 Credits (3,0)

******OFFERED ON PRESCOTT CAMPUS ONLY******This is the capstone course of the Uncrewed Aviation minor, aimed at giving students direct experience with the planning and effective conduct of complex missions involving the proper use of the complex sensing systems on uncrewed aircraft. Through guided discussion and team effort, students will address complex mission assignments by determining the proper sensing system to use, assessing alternate courses of action, selecting and/or designing appropriate uncrewed aircraft equipped with the sensing system appropriate to the mission, and by performing other tasks as required to achieve mission success.
Prerequisites: AS 235

AS 405  Aviation Law  3 Credits (3,0)

This course will introduce the advanced student to the U.S. Constitution as well as to federal, state, and local statutes. The student will become familiar with case law and common law and develop an understanding of the chronological development of these laws and their application to aviation. The student will be introduced to civil law, including tort, product liability, contract, sales, secured credit, property, environmental, and labor laws. Criminal statutory law and government, airman, and operator rights and liabilities will also be studied, as well as international laws and conferences.
Prerequisites: Junior Standing

AS 408  Flight Safety  3 Credits (3,0)

This course is designed to assist the student in developing an attitude and philosophy for accident prevention and an awareness of major flight security issues. The course includes ideal and practical personal and organizational safety and security procedures and goals; safety philosophies; aircraft accident reports; human factors; principles of accident investigation, accident prevention programs, and accident statistics; current events; NTSB special studies; and the nature of accident/error chains.
Prerequisites: AS 321 and Senior Standing

AS 410  Airline Dispatch Operations  3 Credits (3,0)

Pertinent Federal Aviation Regulations; navigation systems and procedures; manual flight planning; emergency and abnormal procedures; general operating manual; aircraft systems and performance development; human factors; and practical dispatching applications.
Prerequisites: AT 200 AS 221 AS 309 AS 310 AS 350 WX 201 and WX 301

AS 411  Jet Transport Systems  3 Credits (3,0)

Jet transport systems and complex air carrier aircraft systems. Examine air carrier procedures from a crew member's operational perspective.
Prerequisites: AS 356 or permission of instructor

AS 412  Corporate and Business Aviation  3 Credits (3,0)

This course is designed to provide the student with an understanding of the operation of a corporate flight department, value of management mobility, aircraft and equipment evaluation, maintenance, flight operations, administration, and fiscal considerations.
Prerequisites: Junior standing

AS 420  Flight Technique Analysis  3 Credits (3,0)

Application of aerodynamic principles to the development of optimal pilot techniques and procedures. Uniform procedures applicable to all airplanes and special procedures for large, high-performance, and transport aircraft are analyzed, including principles of flight deck resource management.
Prerequisites: AS 321 and AS 411 and AS 435

AS 421  Flight Instructor Ground Course  4 Credits (4,0)

The student will receive training in the maneuvers and procedures necessary for him/her to meet the standards contained in the Flight Instructor practical test standards, Single-Engine Land with Instrument Airplane rating. Additionally, the student will receive training in cockpit resource management and safe flying practices. Associated ground instruction will include completion of the Fundamentals of Instruction, the Flight Instructor Airplane, and the Flight Instructor Instrument written test.
Prerequisites: FA 321 or FA 326

AS 429  Advanced Helicopter Systems  3 Credits (3,0)

This course is threefold. The student first studies helicopter systems theory for typical multi-engine helicopters including aerodynamics, flight controls, rotor heads, turbine engines, stability/control systems, automatic flight control systems, and associated pilot interface systems. Students then apply theory in the form of a case study of an advanced aircraft. During the final phase of this course, students will engage in active learning through the development and implementation of scenario-based training utilizing an electronic flight management system (FMS). FMS topics include functions and interfaces associated with an FMS as well as specific departure, enroute, and arrival functions. Students will develop and conduct scenario-based training exercises using advanced FMS functions tailored to commercial helicopter operations.
Prerequisites: AS 252

AS 435  Electronic Flight Management Systems  3 Credits (3,0)

This course teaches the theory and principles governing flight with autopilot and flight management systems. Students will apply theory and principles by demonstrating good decisions and thought processes in autopilot and FMS/PC simulators.
Prerequisites: AS 310 and AS 350 and FA 221

AS 442  Flight Instructor Helicopter Operations  4 Credits (4,0)

The student will receive training in the maneuvers and procedures necessary for him/her to meet the standards contained in the Flight Instructor practical test standards, Rotorcraft with Instrument rating. Additionally, the student will receive training in cockpit resource management and safe flying practices. Associated ground instruction will include completion of the Fundamentals of Instruction, Flight Instructor Helicopter, and the Flight Instructor Instrument Helicopter written test.
Prerequisites: AS 372 or FH 372

AS 472  Operational Applications in Aeronautical Science  3 Credits (3,0)

Culminating experience for students in the Aeronautical Science degree program. Professional industry expectations: real-world application of aeronautical decision-making, crew resource management, threat and error management, diversity and inclusion, and corporate and airline operations. The student must be in senior standing.
Prerequisites: AS 350 and AS 387

AS 473  Operational Applications in Uncrewed Aircraft Systems  3 Credits (3,0)

Professional and commercial aspects and operational use of uncrewed aircraft systems. Industry applications for program management, technology adaptation, and regulation. Safe UAS integrations to the National Airspace System with standard, nonstandard, and emergency operations.
Prerequisites: UAS major and AS 235

AS 475  UAS Mission Execution  3 Credits (1,4)

This course provides a practical field experience for students minoring or majoring in Uncrewed Aircraft Systems (UAS), including operating UAS in support of actual commercial or civil operations in the surrounding area. Students will apply their knowledge of UAS sensors by analyzing data collected from actual missions. Students will learn how to fly missions through proper preflight, ATC clearance, route planning, lost link scenarios, and data interpretation. They learn how to safely and effectively operate UAS in the National Airspace System. This course requires students to learn and follow proper protocols and rules for UAS. Students completing this course will be empowered to enter the commercial or civil market with real work experience.
Prerequisites: UAS Major and AS 473

AS 480  Applied Aviation Research Methods  3 Credits (3,0)

The Capstone course is the culminating experience for Aeronautical Science and Aeronautics degree students. This course will provide the opportunity to explore an issue of personal or professional interest or university necessity and to address that issue through study and applied research under the direction of a faculty member. The Capstone project should demonstrate the ability to apply knowledge and skills to real-world issues and problems. In addition, the project should reflect ethical principles and responsible research. The project chosen should make a contribution to the collective body of knowledge - in the work place, the community or in the academic arena.

AS 490  Helicopter Specialty Capstone  3 Credits (3,0)

This capstone course is designed to be a culminating experience for students in the Helicopter Specialty Aeronautical Science degree program as well as the Helicopter Operations and Safety Minor. This course primarily consists of Non-experimental research through the use of case study methodology. Case studies from various helicopter industry specialties (Long Lines, EMS, Electronic News Gathering, Corporate, Off Shore, Law Enforcement, Firefighting etc.) will be examined as guiding examples. Students will use applied research techniques to develop a culminating capstone feasibility study. The feasibility study must address standard operating procedures, a safety management system, training procedures, aircraft selection, aircraft insurance, corporate finance operating and capital budgets, aircraft purchasing and/or leasing agreements, and aircraft maintenance management to include maintenance tracking, spare parts inventory, and record keeping. Additional issues such as bulk fuel contracting, fuel delivery and contamination prevention measures must also be addressed. In addition to completing a formal written feasibility study, students will provide an oral presentation on their findings to a selected professional within the commercial helicopter industry.
Prerequisites: AS 372

AS 495W  Advanced UAS Videography  3 Credits (3,2.5)

This hands-on course builds onto the knowledge acquired in AS 325. Dronealism and Cinematography. With an emphasis on advanced videography techniques specifically applied to UAS, this course will provide students with videography knowledge required in the inspection, real-estate, and movie industry. Emphasis will be placed on recording ultra-high-definition footage, including in LOG format, learning audio capturing techniques, perfecting lighting techniques introduced in AS 325, editing with LUTs and color grading, and exporting footage in industry-specific formats. A large portion of this course will include hands-on practice with equipment both on the ground and in the air.
Prerequisites: AS 325

AS 499  Special Topics in Aeronautical Science  1-6 Credit

Individual independent or directed studies of selected topics.